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ЗмістInstitution – pollution
Жовтобрюх Катерина 6-D клас
Сіряченко Олександра 6-D клас
Щербова Альбіна 6-D клас
Нікул Ю.В.- вчитель
There are 9700 kinds of birds. They live in all parts of the world. All birds lay eggs, the majority of them live in nests. Bird
The Beauty of the World Is in Danger
Урок англійської мови
Обладнання: діаграми, розбите на окремі слова речення, таблиці для гри Бінго, електронний тест, тексти.
Вступна частина уроку:
Taste – waste
Because – cause
Cottage – shortage
Both – growth
Fear – atmosphere
Основна частина уроку:
have different ideas. And then we shall discuss.
How many reasons have you got?
What do you think is the main reason?
Are the reasons related?
Who is to blame?
What is the way out?
Why do you think it’s important to save species? Isn’t it easier to let the process go?
Want, it, yourself, If, anything, be, you, to, done, do.
(If you want anything to be done, do it yourself.)
Give me your ideas about what you personally can do.
(save water, feed animals and birds, never dump, never do harm to plants, nests and holes, save electricity, keep the yard clean, do not burn things, use less washing powder, having a picnic leave the place clean, plant trees…)
Use Rubbish Again
A lot of what we throw away is still necessary/useful. It’s possible in fact to recycle about 80% of domestic dump/rubbish. Recycling saves trees, energy, money, cuts pollution/extinction. It may be interesting/interested to know that the average people/person in Los Angeles throws away seven kilos of rubbish a day, while the average person in the Third World throws away only one kilo on/every day. Britain throws/throw away seven million tons of paper every year. That’s the some/same as 80 million trees.
The problem is that recycling is expensive. But recycling helps fight environmental/environment problems.
Write into the table nine things you do to save energy, water, to protect nature, to reduce dumping – good things to do for all the people and the planet.
Now I read some statements to you. If you hear the idea you have written, cross it. When you have three crossings across, diagonally or down, say “Bingo!” OK! Let’s start.
What is the greenhouse effect?
I have prepared an electronic test for you. There are some statements in it that are either correct or not. Choose correct ones.
(Test: Greenhouse effect)
In recent years, the number of … problems has increased dangerously. One of the most serious problems is … in the … which has led to the … effect. This is making the … warmer. Cutting down on fumes from cars and buses would help to solve the …. Natural resources are not endless, so using other forms of … such as sun, wind, and water would help. And we should also remember about … of things made of glass, aluminium, plastic and paper.
Planet, recycling, problem, greenhouse, environmental, energy, changes, atmosphere.
Заключна частина уроку:
In order to sum up the lesson, continue the phrases:
Write a short summary :”the Beauty of the World Is in Danger”, start workinhg with the projects “The World around Us”.
Final lesson in the 7th form on the theme: The World Around Us Is Beautiful.
Teacher: Good morning? Dear pupils and dear colleagues! Today we are going to have a very exciting, interesting and educative lesson. Its theme is “The World Around us!” There are so many spheres, ideas and topics for discussion in these four words. But this is the final lesson on this subject for us. Let’s try to sum up everything we have learnt.
Well, let’s start! And the first task for you is a short warming-up game called “Backing-up”. In this game pupils read sentences backward one by one beginning with the last word. Then in each repetition add one more word till the sentence is complete. The sentence for you today is an epigraph for the lesson.
The Earth is a tiny part of the Universe and the only place where human beings can live.
Teacher: Thank you. And now I want to tell you what a Universe is. According to the definition of Encyclopedia Britannica:
The Universe is the whole cosmic system of matter and energy of which the Earth is a part. It is between 10 and 20 billion years old. It consists of galaxies. The Solar System, where the Earth is located, is a small part of Milky Way Galaxy and is far from the galactic centre.
Isn’t it impressive?
Now, look at the blackboard. There are some words there. Choose the words you can use to describe the Universe.
The words: wide, tiny, spacious, impressive, disordered, old, boundless, unreal, unique, impossible, young.
Don’t forget to say your sentence. E.g. The Universe is spacious.
Teacher: Well, it’s better to see once than to hear many times. I offer you to watch the first page of the project “The World Around Us”. It is called “The Space”. (The project is created in Power Point and contains the pictures and some information on the subject.)
Now let’s see how you understood and remembered what you have seen. Make the following sentences complete:
The key: 1. world, beautiful, wonders.
2. the Earth, space, round, blue.
3. area, seas, rivers, lakes, much larger, land.
4. Moon, stars, dark.
5. situated, Solar System.
Teacher: I see that you were very attentive and now it’s time to come back to the Earth. I want you to have some rest and to listen to the song. Just relax and listen and imagine. And then tell us about your thoughts and images that are appearing in your minds while the music is playing. (The music is slow and romantic. The idea is to lead the conversation to the nature, picturesque views and beauty of the planet).
Well, I am looking forward your answers! What did you imagine? What pictures rose in your imagination?
(Pupils answer and the teacher pays attention at the ideas about the beauty of the nature)
I imagine different forests and fields. They are bright with autumn colours. The birds sing their songs, the sky is blue and the autumn sun shines. I enjoy its warmth. I am happy.
I saw myself at the sea. It is wide and deep and wonderful. The waves are coming to the seaside with their romantic sound. The sea is calm and I am calm, too. The gentle wind touches my hair. It is very pleasant.
I was on the top of the mountain. The wind is strong, the air is fresh. I breathe in and out it with pleasure. The view is wonderful and boundless. The trees are deep green and the sky is so close to me.
I imagined myself swimming with the dolphins. They are very kind and playful. They swim with me and jump out of the water. They are so smart and friendly. I am laughing and enjoying this play.
I was in my own garden. It is spring. The trees are in blossom and the smell around id sweet. The bees fly over my head and I can hear them. The birds sing their merry summer songs. The sun is smiling from the sky and I want its rays to touch my face.
It was a summer rain which I imagined. But it was quiet and peaceful. The drops fell on the leaves and flowers and they were dancing under them. Nature was happy to be fresh and the air smelled rain. I was enjoying the greenery and the freshness of the nature.
I listened to the song and saw the dark night sky in August. The sky is very dark and the stars are so numerous and shiny. They are so close and at the same time so far away! The moon is young and it looks like smiling to the stars and to me.
I imagined winter. I am in the forest. The trees are white with soft fresh snow. Everything is mysterious and shiny. The sun shines and the snow sparkles. I walk in the forest along a wide path. The day is very nice.
I saw the sunset. It was red bright. First the sky was blue and yellowish, then it became pink and at the end - scarlet. The sun was bigger and bigger and it was slowly hiding over the horizon. It was amazing.
Teacher: Thanks. Your answers were really predictable, because we live in such a wonderful Earth that we can’t but admire its landscapes and think about the views especially when romantic music sounds. All of us had unforgettable moments when we looked at the sea, the forest, and the mountains and couldn’t think about anything but beauty. Now I invite you to look at picturesque views again and continue watching the project “The World Around Us”, page 2, “Nature”
Teacher: Yes. The nature is very beautiful! Now, please, make two teams. The first team pretend you are aliens and do not know anything about the Earth. Please, ask questions about nature. The second team is formed from the people of the Earth and they will answer. Off we go!
(Pupils ask and answer questions about nature and seasons).
Teacher: OK. It looks like we have made friends with aliens. I’m glad we have fount the common language. But it looks like rain! I am sure it is raining… and the sun is shining. It happens sometimes, you know! Open your umbrellas or you’ll be wet! (Pupils open umbrellas) And here comes the rainbow. (A picture of it is at the blackboard). I know, it is time to play a game called “Rainbow”. Let’s recite our Colour poems. We have seven colours of the rainbow and seven poems about them. These are not usual poems. They do not usually have the rhyme, but still they are very poetical. We wrote them at our previous lessons and I am sure it will be nice to hear them right now.
(Pupils recite poems. Here are some of them written by students and teachers.)
Boundless blue sky is over our heads
Water can be blue in crystal clean lakes
Blue flowers in the flower-beds
There is much blue on the globe
Thousands of rivers, lakes,
Many oceans and seas…
Thoughts can be blue, too
Blue is very light, beautiful and pleasant.
Orange rainbow is very nice
Orange sunset in the evening
Very tasty orange sweets
These are things that I feel orange
You can also have orange laugh
And orange happiness in love!
Yellow is in my life
Yellow is in my dreams
Yellow is cool, yellow is nice!
Sometimes my feelings are yellow
Yellow is the colour of the sun
Yellow is the colour of the world
Yellow are flowers, sky or grass
Yellow is autumn and yellow is spring
Yellow tastes sour like a lemon
This colour is very lively and fresh.
In summer I feel green
In spring I’m green as well
Fresh kiwi smells like green
And apples have green smell
Sweet babies behave green
And aliens are green, too
And dewdrops taste fresh green
And hay remembers spring
When it was young and green.
Thick clover in the field
Smiles to the morning sun.
It’s every cell is green
And it enjoys green fun.
And I feel green when sing
And when my old friends ring.
In deep sleep I am green
(Of course inside I mean)
But when alarm wakes me
I’m green as green can be!!!
Teacher: It was a pleasure to listen to your poems. They are wonderful and lovely. And the rain has stopped. Please, fold up the umbrellas. And the next step for us is to speak about animals and plants. There are so many kinds of them that you can hardly find a man who can at least name all. The Earth is populated by many species: animals, birds, fish, and insects. Some of them are very numerous and famous, others are rare. But all of them live on the Earth as well as we do. I offer you to make four teams and choose the name out of four: animals, birds, fish, and insects. Imagine that you represent the animal world. Now think over the presentations of the teams.
(Pupils write and then read a couple of sentences about each class keeping in mind their specific features, places of habitation and other things about them)
Animals are living organisms. They come in many shapes and sizes. They live throughout the world. No one knows exactly how many kinds of animals there are. New kinds are found every year. So far, scientists have identified more than 1, 5 million types of animals. Lives of animals range from several hours to many years. Some animals make wonderful pets. Some animals can be dangerous to people. Some animals help people work. Animals live everywhere on the earth.
A bird is an animal with feathers. All birds have feathers and they are the only animals that have them. All birds have wings. No other animal can travel faster than a bird. However not all birds can fly. Some birds serve as symbols: the owl is a symbol of wisdom; the dove is a symbol of peace. The Bald Eagle is a symbol of the USA. It is the symbol of strength and courage.
Fish are animals that live in water. The various kinds of fish differ so greatly in shape, colour and size. Many have colours as bight as the most brightly coloured birds. Fish live almost everywhere there is water. Almost all fish have fins, which they use for swimming. The first fish appeared on the earth about 500 million years ago. Fish are very useful for people.
An insect is a small six-legged animal. About one million of animals are insects. Scientists discover from 7000 to 10000 new species of insects every year. Insects live almost everywhere on earth. Only in the oceans few insects are found. Insects first appeared on earth at least 400 million years ago. The world of insects includes some of the most beautiful and fantastic animals on earth. There are insects of all colours of the rainbow and an amazing variety of shapes.
Teacher: Good. And now tell me what kind of animal you would like to be and why.
(Pupils say sentences like: I’d like to be a dove, fly high in the sky and see the beauty of the world.)
Teacher: That was really interesting to hear. Your answers were rather exciting. Now, listen to the poem. It is a funny one and it will help us to relax a bit.
If I had the wings of a bird of the air
And the fins of a fish of the sea,
I could travel with speed and abandon all care
I could ramble wide world free.
The wings of a bird and the fins of a fish
As well as the legs of a deer –
I could fly, I could swim,
I could run as I wish
But I’d certainly look
/ by R. Armor/
Teacher: But the world looks so beautiful not only because of different species of animals, but, in fact, because of plants. There are so many kinds of plants: huge trees and tiny grass, long-living forests and flowers which bloom for a couple of hours. They are so different, so colourful and so wonderful! Let’s name some of them. I will give each of you a card with the description of a plant. Read and guess what it is.
Teacher: Great! You are very smart and know many different plants. But today we can’t but mention one really essential thing. This is The Red Book. Who can tell me what it is and what we can read in it?
(Short descriptive information about the Red Book, prepared beforehand is announced)
The Red Book is a list of rare and endangered specious of animals and plants. It also includes documentary data about their number and the reasons of their extinction. It was founded in 1949 and it has changed greatly till nowadays. Many new species were added.
Teacher: That’s right. This book is the book of our shame, because mainly men are guilty in the situation with extinct species. Why has it happened to some kinds of animals and why many of them are still in danger? And who is to blame? These are the questions and I want you to find the answers. There is a big sheet of paper on the wall. You can see a diagram with the word Danger in the centre. There are also written the most important problems. Please take a marker and write a couple of words on this subject and give a short explanation to them. How do they influence people and animals and plants?
Teacher: I am happy that you perfectly understand the situation. Soon you will become grown-ups. You are those who will be obliged to get over it and to stop destroying nature. We must put our heads together and draw the final line. Let’s say NO to nature polluting. Let’s find ways of living in peace with the environment. Today many people are horrified with the future. The question is still in the air. But everyone understands that steps should be done to avoid the catastrophe. Remember! If you want anything to be done, do it yourself. Think and say what can you do even today to help the situation?
Teacher: Good. I am sure you will do only right things. And as a conclusion I want you to remember the epigraph of the lesson.
The Earth is a tiny part of the Universe and the only place where human beings can live.
This is our home and there will never be another one. So, be sure that everything is in order in it and live happily. Never put off till tomorrow what can be done today!
And this is the end of the lesson. We’ve done a great job together! I thank everyone and I want to give a short summary of your work and give you marks.
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